Token Input Widget

I spent a fair bit of time on the weekend tweaking a Token Input widget.

I really like the way I show/hide the editing field, using no JS at all. That’s not to say there isn’t quite a bit of JS, but I am happy to say it’s using no jQuery, Knockout or anything else.

Indeed, I first wrote it in Knockout, but I think this one is actually simpler (and has some behaviour I wasn’t able to obtain with my Knockout models).

Transparent header on scroll

I saw a nice effect the other day, on SourceJS. Basically, when you scroll the page at all, the header becomes transparent, but when you hover over it, it becomes opaque again.

Pretty, yet surprisingly easy to do.

Assume your HTML looks something like:

  <div id="main-menu">
    <!-- this contains the header -->

The trick to getting stuff really smooth, with limited scripting required, is to use CSS transitions. So, instead of manually changing the opacity of the element, we just set/unset a class on the body, and have some CSS rules to set the opacity.

window.addEventListener('scroll', function () {
    window.scrollY > 20 ? 'add': 'remove'

This fires every time there is a scroll event. In my browser, add/removing this class to the classList takes ~0.01ms.

Finally, there is the required CSS.

body.scrolled #main-menu {
  opacity: 0.2;
  transition: opacity .2s;
body.scrolled #main-menu:hover {
  opacity: 1.0;
  transition: opacity .2s;

That’s all there is to it!

Here’s one I prepared earlier.

Styling radio buttons like a boss segmented button

I quite like the concept of segmented buttons, where you have a list of related buttons, and can select one or more of them. In MacOS X, and iOS, the ones that are selected have a nice indented look.

I’m currently working on a GUI framework for KnockoutJS, and today I had reason to use this type of control. Initially, I had the following markup that I intended to style:

  <ul class="segmented">

But, then it occurred to me that HTML radio buttons are a good fit for this use case. They can be set so that only one of them will be selected, which means you can actually get them to work without using any JavaScript to keep selected status in sync. And the bonus is that the labels will be clickable, so we don’t need JavaScript for associating them with the radio buttons.

<nav class="segmented">
  <input type="radio" name="seg-1" value="Organisation" id="seg-Organisation">
  <label for="seg-Organisation">Organisation</label>
  <input type="radio" name="seg-1" value="Users" id="seg-Users">
  <label for="seg-Users">Users</label>
  <input type="radio" name="seg-1" value="Units" id="seg-Units">
  <label for="seg-Units">Units</label>
  <input type="radio" name="seg-1" value="Tags" id="seg-Tags">
  <label for="seg-Tags">Tags</label>

Now, there’s slightly more markup, but that’s okay. So, what does that look like?

Hmm, not quite what we want. We’ll actually want to hide the radio button widgets, and style the labels. Rather than try to have this in the page, here’s one I prepared earlier:

As you can see, this is with no JavaScript.

Obviously, this is fairly crappy styling: it just looks like some Windows buttons. Let’s tart it up a bit. This is the default styling for koui:

As a bonus, I’ve disabled one of the elements.

From the perspective of KnockoutJS, we can use the checked binding applied to the radio buttons to see which one is selected. If you were submitting this inside a form, you may want to not use display: none; on them, as they may not submit under certain browsers. For ko, however, it’s fine.

I’m going to be using this technique within koui: for segmented buttons, which I haven’t worked out a nice way to define bindings for, and for the tab_view binding, which associates these buttons with a view below, containing a choice of data based on the selection.

Update: There is one drawback with the technique I used here. It is detailed at How to fix the broken iPad form label issue.

It’s actually a rather simple solution: All you need to do is stop the propagation of the event. I had played around with re-firing the event onto the input element, but that might fire twice in some browsers, which might be bad (especially if you were using checkboxes, rather than radio buttons!)

HSV to RGB in JavaScript

I am writing a set of UI widgets for use in web apps, using the excellent KnockoutJS library. One of the more challenging ones has been the colour picker. Rather than do what everyone else has done, I tried to ape the Apple Colour Picker. But this gives us values in HSV, which aren’t that useful for web.

So I came across a page that has a JavaScript HSV to RGB converter: And there are so many things wrong with that code that it hurts.

  • the declared variables r,g,b are not used at all.
  • RGB is defined as an Array, but used as an Object.
  • var_r and friends are not declared, and pollute the global namespace.

Plus, more I came across as I worked through the code.

So, I thought I’d clean it up, and make it a bit easier to follow.

Some of the bits that are ‘tricky’ are the use of toString(16), which converts a number to a base 16 representation, and the ("0" + value).slice(-2), which zero-pads a string.

The algorithm itself is fairly easy to follow: there are seven possible cases for the data conversion. If the saturation is 0, then RGB is #000000.

Otherwise, the value depends on the value of Math.floor(h/60). There is a simple lookup table (data), which stores three values based on hue, saturation and value, and then it’s just a matter of picking the correct two to use with the value, and returning that.